Home lighting

was the original use for ethanol. From around the 1820s onward, ethyl alcohol in blends with turpentine became increasingly common, far surpassing whale oil in the 1850s.  Use fell off after an 1862 tax on ethanol, which was lifted by trust buster Teddy Roosevelt and Congress in 1906. This ad, from a 1909 National Grange magazine, shows the return of home lighting with an alcohol lamp helping a mother take care of her children.